India reports over 20,000 human fatalities annually, mostly from dog-bites. The disease also causes a substantial economic loss in the form of livestock deaths. Nonetheless, death from the disease is fully preventable through administration of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) following the likely exposure to dog bites. The rabies virus which is the prime cause of the disease is rampant in free-roaming dogs (FRD) making it the most important reservoir for transmission to humans and other animals. India has the largest number of FRD which makes the challenge of fighting rabies formidable.

This project applies all known interventions simultaneously at the targeted area to generate empirical evidence of rabies control using a One Health approach. Aptly, the project is called, ‘Implementing a comprehensive One Health approach to eradicate dog mediated rabies from India’

Funded by DBT Wellcome Trust India Alliance, the project is hosted at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati and collaborates with the University of Bern, University of Sydney, Swiss tropical Public Health, Basel , The University of Glasgow, Ramaiah International Clinical and Public Health Innovations, Bangalore, and The Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati.

Our Mission

An India free of dog-mediate rabies

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Our Vision

The project endeavours to realise its vision by conducting studies on:

  • Free roaming Dog ecology

  • Anti-rabies prophylaxis in dogs

  • Integrated dog-bite and rabies surveillance

  • Post-exposure prophylaxis in humans

  • Awareness of rabies, and responsible dog ownership

  • Generate and promote social utility of FRD

Our Aim

To eliminate dog-mediated rabies in India through comprehensive and integrated control interventions, ultimately achieving a rabies-free environment for both humans and animals.

Dog Ecology

  • Enumeration: Conducting surveys to assess the population and distribution of dogs in targeted areas.

  • Home Range/Habitat Selection/Behavior Study: Investigating the spatial behavior, habitat preferences, and behavioral patterns of dogs to understand their ecology.

Prophylaxis in Dogs

  • Mass Vaccination: Implementing large-scale vaccination campaigns to achieve high coverage and herd immunity among dogs.

  • Antibody Titre test: Performing antibody titer checks to assess the effectiveness of vaccination and monitor immunity levels in vaccinated dogs.


  • Dog Bite Report: Establishing systems for reporting and recording dog bite incidents to track the incidence and distribution of bites.

  • Rabies in Livestock: Monitoring and reporting cases of rabies in livestock to identify potential sources of infection and implement control measures.


  • School Children: Conducting educational sessions and workshops in schools to raise awareness about rabies prevention, responsible pet ownership, and safety around dogs.

  • Community: Organizing awareness campaigns and community meetings to disseminate information about rabies transmission, prevention methods, and the importance of vaccination.

  • Vulnerable Population: Targeting vulnerable groups such as rural communities, low-income households, and marginalized populations with tailored awareness programs to address specific needs and challenges.

Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)

  • Enhance Accessibility, Availability, and Affordability of Rabies PEP: Improving access to rabies PEP by ensuring the availability of vaccines and rabies immunoglobulin in healthcare facilities.

  • Promotion of Dog Bite Wound Management: Educating healthcare providers and the public about proper wound care following a dog bite to reduce the risk of rabies transmission.

Responsible Dog Ownership

  • Promoting responsible pet ownership practices.

  • Adopting Local Dogs.

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